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39.1 Standards, Regulations and Model Codes

NOTE: Although the latest versions of the following standards are listed, some states require the use of older versions because a specific edition (year) of the standard is used in the language of the state’s law or administrative rule. Event organizers must work with local authorities having jurisdiction to determine which version of a standard or code is required to be used. Also, please note that not all standards published by each of the standard setting organizations is listed herein, and all standard setting organizations are not necessarily included in this list. The standards and codes listed were selected by the editors to include those referenced in this guide and some others that may be relevant to the live event industry. This is not a comprehensive or exhaustive list.

American National Standards Institute [ANSI], Washington, DC: ANSI. (www.ansi.org)
  • ANSI S12.6, Subject-fit test method for measuring the real ear attenuation of hearing protectors, 1997.
International Code Council [ICC]. Country Club Hills, Illinois: ICC. (www.iccsafe/org)
  • International building code, 2012.
  • International energy conservation code, 2012.
  • International existing building code, 2012.
  • International fire code, 2012.
  • International fuel gas code, 2012.
  • International mechanical code, 2012.
  • International plumbing code, 2012.
  • International private sewage disposal code, 2012.
  • International property maintenance code, 2012.
  • International wildland-urban interface code, 2012.
  • ICC 300, Bleachers, folding and telescoping seating, and grandstands, 2012.
  • ICC A117.1, Accessible and usable buildings and facilities, 2009.
  • ICC G3, Global guideline for practical public toilet design, 2011.
  • ICC G2, Guideline for acoustics, 2010.
National Fire Protection Association [NFPA], Quincy, Massachusetts: NFPA. (www.nfpa.org)
  • NFPA 1: Fire code, 2012.
  • NFPA 70: National electric code, 2011.
  • NFPA 70B: Recommended practice for electrical equipment maintenance, 2010.
  • NFPA 13: Standard for the installation of sprinkler systems, 2013.
  • NFPA 14: Standard for the installation of standpipes and hose systems, 2010.
  • NFPA 30: Flammable and combustible liquids code, 2012.
  • NFPA 58: Liquefied petroleum gas code, 2011.
  • NFPA 72: National fire alarm and signaling code, 2013.
  • NFPA 80: Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, 2013.
  • NFPA 101: Life safety code, 2012.
  • NFPA 101B: Code for means of egress for buildings and structures, 2002.
  • NFPA 102: Standard for grandstands, folding and telescopic seating, tents, and membrane structures, 2011.
  • NFPA 160: Standard for the use of flame effects before an audience, 2011.
  • NFPA 289: Standard Method of Fire Test for Individual Fuel Packages, 2013.
  • NFPA 297: Guide on principles and practices for communications systems, 1995.
  • NFPA 551: Guide for the evaluation of fire risk assessments, 2013.
  • NFPA 610: Guide for emergency and safety operations at motorsports venues, 2009.
  • NFPA 701: Standard methods of fire tests for flame propagation of textiles and films, 2010.
  • NFPA 730: Guide for premises security, 2011.
  • NFPA 1123: Code for fireworks display, 2010.
  • NFPA 1126: Standard for the use of pyrotechnics before a proximate audience, 2011.
  • NFPA 1561: Standard on emergency services incident management system, 2008.
  • NFPA 1600: Standard on disaster/emergency management and business continuity programs, 2010.
  • NFPA 5000: Building construction and safety code, 2012.
 Occupational Safety and Health Administration [OSHA], U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, DC: OSHA. (www.osha.gov)
  • OSHA Publication 3071, Job hazard analysis, 2002 (revised).
  • OSHA Publication 3074, Hearing conservation, 2002 (revised).
  • OSHA Publication 3075, Controlling electrical hazards, 2002.
  • OSHA Publication 3079, Respiratory protection, 2002 (revised).
  • OSHA Publication 3088, How to plan for workplace emergencies and evacuations, 2001.
  • OSHA Publication 3122, Principal emergency response and preparedness—requirements and guidelines, 2004.
  • OSHA Publication 3124, Stairways and ladders, 2003.
  • OSHA Publication 3143, Industrial hygiene, 1998.
  • OSHA Publication 3151-12R, Personal protective equipment, 2003.
  • OSHA Publication 3317, Best practices guide: Fundamentals of a workplace first-aid program, 2006.
  • OSHA Publication 3335, Preparing and protecting security personnel in emergencies, 2007.
  • OSHA Publication 3494, Fire service features of buildings and fire protection systems, 2012.
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1904.10, Recording criteria for cases involving occupational hearing loss.
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.95, Occupational noise exposure.
    • Appendix A, Noise exposure computation
    • Appendix B, Methods for estimating the adequacy of hearing protector attenuation
    • Appendix C, Audiometric measuring instruments
    • Appendix D, Audiometric test rooms
    • Appendix E, Acoustic calibration of audiometers
    • Appendix F, Calculations and application of age corrections to audiograms
    • Appendix G, Monitoring noise levels non-mandatory informational appendix
    • Appendix H, Availability of referenced documents
    • Appendix I, Definitions
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.132, Personal protective equipment, general requirements.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.133, Personal protective equipment, eye and face protection.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.134, Personal protective equipment, respiratory protection.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.135, Personal protective equipment, head protection.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.136, Personal protective equipment, foot protection.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.137, Personal protective equipment, electrical protective devices.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.138, Personal protective equipment, hand protection.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147, The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout).
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.157, Portable fire extinguishers.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.158, Standpipe and hose systems.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1915, Occupational safety and health standards for shipyard employment.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1926, Safety and health regulations for construction.
Underwriters Laboratories [UL], Ann Arbor, Michigan: UL. (www.ul.com)
  • UL 1975: Fire tests for foamed plastics used for decorative purposes, Third Edition, 2006.
  • ANSI/UL 711, CAN/ULC-S508: Rating and fire testing of fire extinguishers.
  • ANSI/UL 8, CAN/ULC-S554: Water-based agent fire extinguishers.
  • ANSI/UL 154, CAN/ULC-S503: Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers.
  • ANSI/UL 299, CAN/ULC-S504: Dry chemical fire extinguishers.
  • ANSI/UL 626, CAN/ULC-S507: Water fire extinguishers.
  • ANSI/UL 2129, CAN/ULC-S566: Halocarbon clean agent extinguishers.
 PLASA, New York, New York: PLASA. (www.plasa.org). Note that PLASA’s Technical Standards Program (TSP) is ANSI accredited and highly recommended.
  • ANSI E1.1, Entertainment technology: Construction and use of wire rope ladders, 2012.
  • ANSI E1.2, Entertainment technology: Design, manufacture and use of aluminum trusses and towers, 2006.
  • ANSI E1.3, Entertainment technology: Lighting control systems – 0-10V analog control specification, 2001, revised 2011.
  • ANSI E1.4, Entertainment technology: Manual counterweight rigging systems, 2009.
  • ANSI E1.5, Entertainment technology: Theatrical fog made with aqueous solutions of di- and trihydric alcohols, 2009.
  • ANSI E1.6-1, Entertainment technology: Powered hoist systems, 2012.
  • ANSI E1.6-3, Selection and use of chain hoists in the entertainment industry, 2012.
  • ANSI E1.8, Entertainment technology: Loudspeaker enclosures intended for overhead suspension—classification, manufacture and structural testing, 2005.
  • ANSI E1.9, Reporting photometric performance data for luminaries used in entertainment lighting, 2007, revised 2012.
  • ANSI E1.11, Entertainment technology: USITT DMX512-A, asynchronous serial digital data transmission standard for controlling lighting equipment and accessories, 2008.
  • ANSI E1.14, Entertainment technology: Recommendations for inclusions in fog equipment manuals, 2001, revised 2007.
  • ANSI E1.15, Entertainment technology: Recommended practices and guidelines for the assembly and use of theatrical boom & base assemblies, 2006, revised 2011.
  • ANSI E1.16, Entertainment technology: Configuration standard for metal halide ballast power cables, 2002, revised 2012.
  • ANSI E1.17, Entertainment technology: Architecture for control networks (ACN), 2010.
  • ANSI E1.19, Recommended practice for the use of class A ground-fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs) intended for personal protection in the entertainment industry, 2009.
  • ANSI E1.20, Entertainment technology: RDM-remote device management over USITT DMX512 networks, 2010.
  • ANSI E1.21, Temporary ground-supported overhead structures used to cover stage areas and support equipment in the production of outdoor entertainment events, 2006.
  • ANSI E1.22, Entertainment technology: Fire safety curtain systems, 2009.
  • ANSI E1.23, Entertainment technology: Design and execution of theatrical fog effects, 2010.
  • ANSI E1.24, Entertainment technology: Dimensional requirements for stage pin connectors, 2012.
  • ANSI E1.25, Recommended basic conditions for measuring the photometric output of stage and studio luminaries by measuring illumination produced on a planar surface, 2012.
  • ANSI E1.26, Entertainment technology: Recommended testing methods and values for shock absorption of floors used in live performance venues, 2006, revised 2012.
  • ANSI E1.27-1, Entertainment technology: Standard for portable control cables for use with USITT DMX512/1990 and E1.11 (DMX512-A) products, 2006, revised 2011.
  • ANSI E1.27-2, Entertainment technology: Recommended practice for permanently installed control cables for use with ANSO E1.11 (DMX512-A) and USITT DMX512/1990 products, 2009.
  • ANSI E1.28, Guidance on planning followspot positions in places of public assembly, 2011.
  • ANSI E1.29, Product safety standard for theatrical fog generators that create aerosols of water, aqueous solutions of glycol or glycerin, or aerosols of highly refined alkane mineral oil, 2009.
  • ANSI E1.30-1, EPI 23, device identification subdevice, 2010.
  • ANSI E1.30-3, EPI 25, time reference in ACN systems using SNTP and NTP, 2009.
  • ANSI E1.30-4, EPI 26, device description language (DDL) extensions for DMX512 and E1.31 devices, 2010.
  • ANSI E1.30-7, EPI 29, allocation of internet protocol version 4 addresses to ACN hosts, 2009.
  • ANSI E1.30-10, EPI 32, identification of draft device description language modules, 2009.
  • ANSI E1.31, Entertainment technology: Lightweight streaming protocol for transport of DMX512 using ACN, 2009.
  • ANSI E1.32, Entertainment technology: Guide for the inspection of entertainment industry incandescent lamp luminaries, 2012.
  • ANSI E1.34, Entertainment technology: Measuring and specifying the slipperiness of floors used in live performance venues, 2009.
  • ANSI E1.35, Standard for lens quality measurements for pattern projecting luminaries intended for entertainment use, 2007.
  • ANSI E1.36, Model procedures for permitting the use of tungsten-halogen incandescent lamps and stage and studio luminaries in vendor exhibit booths in convention and trade show exhibition halls, 2007, revised 2012.
  • ANSI E1.37-1, Additional message sets for ANSI E1.20 (RDM) – part 1, dimmer message sets, 2012.
  • ANSI E1.40, Recommendations for the planning of theatrical dust effects, 2011.
  • ANSI E1.41, Recommendations for measuring and reporting photometric performance data for entertainment luminaries utilizing solid state light sources, 2012.


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